This website wants to map and visualize in a clear way how this daring American action came about and was carried out.
The attack must certainly be seen in the spirit of the time: without GPS or digital maps, without missiles or lasers, the Americans plunged into this unprecedented act of revenge. They had no email or chat applications to fall back on. A compass, sextants and maps and a sharp memory were the only tools on board the planes. It was a time of war with extreme confusion, without today's technologies.
The action was a joint venture between the United States Navy and United States Air Force. During World War II, the US Air Force, the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), was still part of the US Ground Army.
The USAAF was the air force division of the United States Army during and shortly after World War II. It was therefore the direct predecessor of the current United States Air Force. At its peak, in 1944, the USAAF had 2.4 million troops, 80,000 aircraft and 783 airfields.
The USAAF emerged from the Air Corps in 1941 and was active until 1947. Unlike the US, where the USAAF remained part of the ground army, other countries then had their air forces separate from the army. However, the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) had its own command.
The Doolittle Raid (as previously mentioned it was actually called the Tokyo Raid) showed that military leaders must be open to innovative solutions and accept some degree of calculated risk.
While working on this website I sometimes thought/think about the young, but very brave guys who didn't survive the Tokyo Raid as crew of one of the 16 bombers.
Three of them were executed by the Japanese, two of them drowned, one died of deprivation as a prisoner of war and one crew member died in a suspected cliff fall. Twelve others were killed in missions they completed during World War II, after carrying out the Doolittle Raid. The 50 civilian deaths that occurred during the Raid should also be considered.